We know that speech is mastered through the mechanism of imitation. The source for the development of children's speech is the adult, and this is done by showing and verbally indicating different things or withjoint actions between the child and the adult. That is why communication between the little person and his immediate environment is so important. In today's fast-paced world, most parents neglect to give attention to their children. They sit them in front of the TV, the computer or buy them phones and tablets. But not watching television, but the live speech between a child and an adult is fundamental in the development of children's speech.
Each child's speech is formed individually, but development is possible only in conditions of communication. Every child is born with an innate ability to speak, but when and how they learn to speak depends on their environment.
I present to you the main stages in language development are: cooing /2 months/, babbling /4-8 months/, first meaningful words /1 year/, combinations of two words /1,6-2 years/, simple sentences /3 years/, complex sentences and conversation /4 years ./, and at the age of 5 the child uses all oral forms of dialogic and monologic utterances. The reporting sentences appear first, then the encouraging ones, and finally the interrogative ones. An interesting phenomenon is the so-called autonomous speech in children when they talk to themselves while playing.
I will also introduce you to the ontogenesis of the speech and language development of children up to 6 years of age, with the proviso that in some children speech appears earlier, in others later, it is a matter of individuality and speech delay does not always mean that there is a problem.
The baby cries intensely during unpleasant sensations.
At the end of 1 month:
Vowel sounds "A", "I", consonant "X", less often "K" appear.
At the end of 2 month:
Gut sounds "K", "G", "X" in combination with vowel "E".
At the end of 3 month:
"Gukane", first chains of syllables, vowel "U", opens mouth and moves it when a person speaks against him - the so-called "primary imitation".
At the end of 4 month:
Secretes saliva "like bubbles" on the lips, joyfully "squeals",
consonant sounds "M", "B", "C".
At the end of 5 month:
Rhythmic chains of identical syllables, vowel "O", vocalized in response to
human speech tries to "buzz".
At the end of 6 month:
A kind of "babbling" - connects different clear syllables, with different
At the end of 7 month:
A loud "Uh," humming to himself as he drifted off to sleep.
At the end of 8 month:
Whispers, talking only to himself (this period can appear later 10, 12 months, and this is not considered a deviation), can "buzz", imitates various noises, says double syllables without meaning, looks for mother you or your father upon inquiry.
At the end of 9 month:
Clear syllabic doubling of identical syllables, repeated 2, 3 or more times, some of them with meaning, reacts differently to praise or prohibition.
At the end of 10 month:
Phonetically correct imitation of familiar syllables, imitates intonation, looks for a familiar person or object when named by the adult, turning his head, understands "come", "give".
At the end of 11 month:
First baby words Says at least two baby meaningful words that refer to people or objects Responds to prohibition by briefly interrupting activity Says "mummy" and "daddy" purposefully Seeks after prompting for an object that has been played with recently .
At the end of 12 month:
One-sentence sentences with intonation, performs simple one-action commands, says at least three baby meaningful words that refer to people or objects, looks for his food or cup when asked.
At the end of 13 month:
He hums, modulating the volume and pitch of his voice, knows at least one body part, understands the command "open".
At the end of 14 month:
Says at least two two-syllable words with different vowels and consonants, points to at least two pictures after the command "Where is ..?"
At the end of 15 month:
Names an object when asked "What's that?", shows where his belly is, understands and follows dual instructions.
At the end of the 16th month
Uses "give" and "am" purposefully, wants "more".
At the end of the 17th month
Spontaneously repeats the last heard word of the sentence, points to at least four picture images after the command "Where is ..?"
At the end of the 18th month
Uses "no" and "none" purposefully, "C" sound, knows at least three body parts.
At the end of the 19th month
Uses simple two-word sentences, points to at least eight pictorial images after command "Where is ..?"
At the end of the 20th month
Names at least 8 objects in a picture image, imitates animals, understands "warm" and "cold".
At the end of the 21th month
Names at least 2 actions depicted in a picture, understands "big" and "small".
At the end of the 22th month
Uses his own name when talking about himself, shows his hand by looking at it.
At the end of the 23th month
Forms sentences in children's language from 3 words, understands "heavy" and "light", names elementary foods - water, biscuit...
At the end of the 24th month
Names at least 12 objects in a picture image. Sounds "C" and "Z", indicates at least two forms of movement depicted in a picture, answers with "yes" and "no", sound "L".
At the end of the 25th month
Uses "I", understands at least two prepositions
At the end of the 26th month
Forms 4-word child language sentences, answers the question “What do you do with…?” for at least two things.
At the end of the 27th month
Differs a little and a lot, says two, for things that are more than one.
At the end of the 28th month
Uses possessive forms "on me", "on you", instead of "my", "your"; understands the meaning of double questions.
At the end of the 29th month
Uses the plural but incorrectly as a grammatical form, shows his beard.
At the end of the 30th month
Forms sentences in children's language from 5 words, sounds "Ч", "Ш", combines a noun and an adjective, uses the present tense.
At the end of the 31th month
It asks the question “Why?”.
At the end of the 32th month
Repeats at least one sentence of 5 words correctly, knows if it is a boy or a girl.
At the end of the 34th month
Uses sentences of 6 words, distinguishes at least two lengths.
At the end of the 36th month
Names properties and qualities of objects, tries to use the past tense correctly, asks "What is that?", controls the volume of his voice, tries to agree words by gender and number, uses "will" and "can", knows " left and right".
At the end of the 48th month
Formulates a question correctly, listens for at least 5 minutes when told or read nothing, completes two unrelated commands, says full name, answers the question "How", tells own experiences, makes up stories, expresses intention for future action, , uses correct singular and plural, narrates consecutively two episodes of one incident.
At the end of the 60th month
Follows a series of three commands, uses complex sentences and recognizes parts of an object, knows top and base of an object, recognizes missing parts and oddities in an image, excludes one of four objects by a given sign, repeats simple rhythms correctly.
At the end of the 72th month
Names an address and phone number, can explain where he lives, tells jokes, determines location and direction, answers the question "why", tells 3 to 5 episodes of an incident, determines the beginning and end of a story, can explain the meaning of a word, can name the "opposite of...", can explain "What if...?", uses "yesterday", "today" and "tomorrow" correctly, asks about the meaning of unfamiliar words.
Author: Vesela Peneva,
Master speech therapist and specialist teacher
For contact: +359 898 527 120