The need for sleep in children from 1 to 3 years

a child sleeps a dream

How many hours of daytime sleep does a child between the ages of 1 and 3 need?
The sleep needs of children at this age are very different. It is characteristic that the total amount of "sleeping" hours begins to slowly decrease.
Night sleep is about 11-12 hours, and daytime sleep can vary for different children from 30 minutes to 4 hours.
At 1 year, children sleep twice a day: most often from 10 to 12 hours, and from 15 to 16 hours. At a year and a half, some children still sleep twice a day for 1.5-2 hours, and others already sleep only in the afternoon.
In the third year, a healthy, normally developing child sleeps 1.5-2.5 hours during the day.

Should the child get used to the one-time daytime sleep or does he just give up the morning sleep?
At the age of one and a half, the child is already awake continuously for almost 5 hours, so it is possible to switch to one sleep a day.
The transition from two to one daytime sleep is a transitional period for the child.
We, the parents, can help him by trying to ease the child in this transition. We should not put him to sleep in the afternoon today, if until yesterday we put him to sleep at 10 o'clock. A sudden change of regime can cause sleep disturbance, agitation, whims.
For 1-2 months, the regime should be transitional.
You should keep in mind that staying awake for a long time is quite burdensome for a child of this age. It may not show its fatigue right away, but it accumulates and eventually you notice that "for no reason" it becomes capricious and unbalanced.

How to determine which mode of sleep and wakefulness is suitable for the child?
This will tell you about the child's behavior. If before sleep it is overexcited (yells, laughs for no reason, goes crazy, does things that are forbidden, does not listen to what is said to it, starts to cry), or vice versa, is debilitated (whining on the slightest occasion, takes offense for no reason) , so it's overtired. In such a case, it is best to shorten the waking hours by 30-40 minutes, if necessary - and by more. If when you put him to sleep, the child is cheerful, feels good, but does not fall asleep for a long time, you can postpone sleep by 20-30 minutes.
You should keep in mind that fluctuations in the duration of sleep and wakefulness are possible depending on the child's physical condition, his mood, the weather, the season.

If the child has difficulty falling asleep the second time, does this mean that the second sleep is unnecessary?
It is difficult for children to fall asleep, for whom the second sleep is especially necessary - easily excitable, impressionable children. The solution is not to deprive them of sleep, but to make sure that they fall asleep in silence, after quiet and peaceful games.

What to do if the child sleeps only half an hour?
Children have different sleep needs during the day. For some, 20 minutes is enough, for others it's a little over 2 hours. You should be aware of your child's needs and not compare him with other children.
To tell if your child is well-rested, watch him while he's awake. If it feels good, plays actively, does not grumble, then it has slept.

Should the child go to sleep at specific times?
Establishing a routine is important and necessary both for the child's health and for his well-being. The regimen should be built up gradually and in accordance with your child's individual needs and character, not forced upon him. It is not necessary to follow the regime "blindly".

Is it mandatory for the child to sleep in his own crib during the day?
It is good for the child to sleep in his room and in his crib during the day, but it is not terrible if you allow him to sleep in another bed, especially if it is difficult for you to get the child to go to bed and this helps.

Is it recommended to put the child to sleep?
There is nothing wrong with helping a child calm down and sleep. You can tell him or read him a story, kiss him, caress him. It is good to leave the room before the child is completely asleep. If the child is crying, it is good not to leave the room until he has calmed down.

child sleepWhat to do if the child stubbornly refuses to fall asleep?
The reasons for this can be different. Depending on this, the measures you need to take are also different.
• The child does not want to sleep because he does not feel sleepy at the moment.
How to proceed
Observe the child. Try to understand when he already feels tired and put him to sleep. If he still doesn't want to sleep, try to get him to at least lie down for a while to recover his strength.
• The child does not have an established mode of wakefulness and sleep
How to proceed
You must introduce a daily routine, taking into account the biological needs of your child. Do not frequently and without sufficient reasons violate the established daily regime.
• Daytime sleep is associated with unpleasant emotions for the child
How to proceed
The child should not perceive daytime sleep as a punishment. Convince him that he needs to sleep, because then he will feel much better, full of strength for new interesting games. The child should not think that he should sleep because you say so.
• The child shows persistence
How to proceed
Don't turn putting your child to sleep into an arena of warfare. If you cannot put the child to sleep by peaceful means, it is better to let him stay awake than to force him.

Based on materials from

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