Students will choose three or four subjects in the final years of high school
The British educational model enters the last two grades of the Bulgarian school, when high school students will not study all subjects. Basic subjects such as the Bulgarian language, mathematics, physics will remain mandatory for them, but apart from that they will be able to choose only three or four subjects in which to prepare more thoroughly. This is enshrined in the new school law, which comes into force on August 11st, and as of today, the Ministry of Education has released for public discussion and an ordinance that specifies exactly how to conduct the profiled preparation in the 12th and 2020th grades. However, it will go into effect for the first time for students who are now about to be fifth graders. This means that it will be studied for the first time in the 2021-XNUMX academic year, when this year's fifth graders will reach the XI grade.
The profile is a set of three or four profiling subjects. Every one of them
consists of compulsory and optional modules
The difference is that national curricula are approved for the former, mandatory for all. For the latter, each school writes its own program, and within its framework it is also possible for professors from higher schools or people from business to enter the class and teach the students. Compulsory modules are studied in class XI with 144 study hours per year and in class XII – with 124 hours. Electives appear in XI grade programs with no more than 144 study hours and no less than 36 study hours per year. In the 12th grade, they study no more than 124 hours and no less than 31 study hours per year. There are a total of 11 profiles, and in each of them the Ministry of Education and Culture defines two of the compulsory subjects, and the rest are chosen by the school. In the foreign languages profile, for example, the two foreign languages that the child has learned in the previous years are mandatory. In the humanities profile, the student combines the required literature with optional history or philosophy. In social sciences you can study history and geography or
to replace geography with philosophy as well
there is also an economic profile that combines geography with mathematics or a foreign language. The profiles in informatics and entrepreneurship are new, and there are also profiles in natural sciences, fine arts, music and physical education in the high schools specialized for this purpose. The knowledge that students will receive in these subjects will be much deeper and at a higher level than what they are learning now. This is especially true for the optional module, where the knowledge that children have acquired in the compulsory module will be built upon. The Ministry of Education has also released applications with the mandatory skills that applicants must acquire in the final. In Bulgarian, for example, students are expected to be able to analyze the "sociolinguistic characteristics" of the people participating in a given speech situation. They are also asked to be able to create their own texts that match the given speech situation. In general, the level of expected knowledge is now gravitating towards what has so far been primarily required of students. By history, they should be able to analyze global world problems and propose approaches to solving them. They should also be able to write analyzes of scientific issues based on a variety of historical sources, as well as evaluate the role of different ideas and personalities in history. Students majoring in information technology will study multimedia and web design. It is written that they should
be able to create and maintain websites
Future entrepreneurs, on the other hand, will learn everything about the markets and will have to be able to analyze them, as well as know the entire regulatory framework and organizational and legal forms of business. They will also be required to develop business plans for a specific entrepreneurial activity, as well as to be able to make managerial decisions.
In general, the idea of profiling in the last grades is based on the fact that students focus only on knowledge, which they will then need in the university, and not to learn a little bit of everything, but at a lower level. The schools themselves will determine their profile, so after the tenth grade, children will again have the opportunity to apply to another school if theirs lacks the profile in which they want to develop. It is not yet clear whether this application will be based on the results of the tenth grade matriculation exams, which will also be introduced with the new law.
The British education system allows students in the last two years of the so-called A-level also to choose three or four academic subjects in which they hold matriculation examinations at the end. Increasingly, it happens that their universities also make additional requests for a matriculation exam in a specific subject to their Bulgarian candidates, which means that our graduates have to pass not only the mandatory two, but also a third matriculation exam. Usually the additional requirement is a matriculation in English or maths, which is increasingly seen by British higher education institutions as a mandatory entry to them. This is not only about specialties related to the exact sciences, but even in such fields as law. In addition to the results of this matriculation examination, however, British universities also look at the horary of classes that the candidate has taken.